Count yourself lucky if you have never been touched by hay fever. But if you have, you can testify of how troublesome the symptoms could be. Hay fever, also known as allergic rhinitis have been on the rise. Knowing the exact causes, prevention and treatment will help place us on the safe side. In fact, about one out of every ten people turn to be prey.
Causes of hay fever
If you are one of those individuals who is sometimes exposed to pollen particles or dust mites, then it can be concluded as the primary cause of the symptoms. Be informed that any outdoor activity which lets you exposed to pollen grains or particles of dust mites is the major triggering factor of hay fever and its symptoms. In order words, taking actions to prevent yourself from the exposure of pollens particles will exclude you from their symptoms.
When these particles find their way into the body through the nostrils, eyes, etc, the body sees it as a treat and will use its antibody to fight back. During this process, the body’s immune cells such as the masts cell will produce antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE), which will bind itself with the allergens.
During the binding process, chemical mediators such as histamine and leukotrienes are been released, which cause the physical signs and symptoms such as running nose, itchy and watery eyes, sneezing, etc. Sometimes, the symptoms may even worsen over time and the affected individual may even suffer from more inflammation due to the recruitment of other cells such as T cells.
Wind circulation, especially during the evening hour of the day may be highly affected by grass pollens. staying outdoor during this period may get you affected. The pollens may get into the body system either through the eyes, nostrils, etc. This simply means that staying outdoors when the pollen count is high will get you affected easily.
Before, it was really difficult to figure out whether pollen counts are high or low. But now, no matter the area you live, you can now monitor the pollen count in real-time with the help of mobile apps specifically developed for this purpose. Using a mobile app has been said to give very useful information on whether the pollen count is high or low, thus helping individuals to plan their daily activities base on the information reported by the app.
Symptoms Of Hay Fever
When the body’s antibody binds itself to the allergens of the pollen particles or dust mites, chemical mediators such as histamine and leukotrienes are been released, this causes physical signs and symptoms such as running nose, itchy and watery eyes, sneezing, etc. Sometimes, the symptoms may even worsen over time and the affected individual may even suffer from more inflammation due to the recruitment of other cells such as T cells.
The symptoms of cold and that of hay fever are very similar. If you find it difficult to identify the differences, is it is therefore always advisable to consult a doctor. Sometimes, the persistence of the signs and symptoms which usually last for several weeks may point to hay fever. On the other hand, it can easily be identified by a doctor by doing a diagnosis.
Sometimes, allergic individuals may even develop allergic asthma, this happens especially when the allergens get into the lungs. Death may even occur as a result of shortened breath due to nasal blockage caused by the allergens.
Hay Fever Prevention & treatments
staying indoors during windy days; pollen counts is high during windy days, being outdoor during a windy day will facilitate the entrance of the allergens into the body which we cause vulnerability. To avoid being attacked, it is always advisable to stay indoors during windy days.
Having A shower after outdoor activities;
during outdoor activities, the body turns to be exposed to some of the pollen particles and dust mites. some may even be stuck to the hair and later finds it’s way into the body. Having A bath after outdoor activities will help wash away the pollens and dust mites, hence preventing its entry into the body.
Using a highly efficient vacuum pump carpet cleaner;
carpets sometimes carry lots of dust mites particles which might have the presence of the allergens. Sitting, sleeping, lying and other activities in which the body will get contact with the carpet will get the entrance of the allergens into the body if not cleaned. Cleaning the carpet with a high-efficiency vacuum pump will suck away the allergens and keep us safe from the attack.
Cleaning of bed sheets, pillowcases, etc with hot water;
Sometimes, we keep are Windows and doors open for ventilation, During this time, some particles of dust and pollens might get entrance into the house which might get landed on the bed sheets and pillowcases. This will get it affected by allergens. Sleeping on the bed and pillowcases will get us affected. To prevent this from happening, it is advisable to make sure that our windows are coated with a filter that could only allow air to pass through. also, washing bed sheets and pillowcases with hot water of about 60 degrees Celsius is advisable.
Cleaning Our inside cars with high-pressure suction pump;
when we drive our cars on dusty roads or windy days, there is always the possibility of the allergens getting entrance into the car, especially when the car windows are kept open. when this happens, there is the possibility of the allergens to get entrance into the body through repeated body contact with the car sits, floor. To prevent it, it is always advisable to clean the car with a high-pressure suction pump.
They exist several over the counter drug for relief. Sometimes, it is always best to consult your doctor for the best prescription that could work for you. Below are a few listed drugs that could help. Intranasal decongestant, antihistamine nasal spray, Nasal steroid spray, etc.
Preventive medication has also played big to allergic individuals. recent information has shown that preventive medicine is very efficient in stopping the allergens from causing symptoms. This includes medication like antihistamines, steroid nasal spray, eye drops, etc. Making the choice on which drug to use before the onset of pollen seasons or during pollen seasons is said to be by the aid of a specialist or your doctor.