Nose Bleeds; Have you ever experienced a nosebleed? Do you know why people experience nosebleed? It’s because the nose is a piece of the body rich in veins (vascular) and is arranged in a helpless position as it projects on the face.
Picking the nose for a long time in the inner part can cause a nosebleed. Blowing the nose too hard can also start off the process. In such cases noses are made to bleed because both upper and lower septum is damaged, and the blood oozes out.
Nose bleeds can occur For The Following Reasons
Due to trauma (injury): nose picking, fractures of the nasal bones or following nasal surgery
these may be tumors such as polyps, which can sometimes bleed. Rarely, bleeding can also be a sign of nasopharyngeal cancers.
posterior nose bleeds of advancing age are thought to be due to vessel degeneration.
Systemic Causes of nose bleeds:
Medication: patients on anti-coagulation medication.
Familial innate telangiectasia (Osler’s sickness): this is a foundational illness in which the endothelial layer of the veins is insufficient, making them powerless and inclined to die.
Patients with hypertension don’t have epistaxis, yet when they do, the draining tends to be more extreme.
Treatment of Nose bleeds:
Less than 10% of those who get nose bleeds will need to seek medical attention. The vast majority can be treated by doing the following:
Recommended home treatment involves squeezing the soft parts of the nasal passages together for a least of 5-20 minutes.
Don’t be tempted to stop pressure to check if the bleeding has stopped – continuous pressure is needed.
Sit leaning forward to avoid swallowing the blood which can lead to nausea and vomiting.
Ice packs might be useful and can be connected to the scaffold of the nose or the back of the neck.
A trial of phenylephrine or oxymetazoline (Afrin), powerful vasoconstrictors, may stop the bleeding. Only use as instructed on the label.
Symptoms of nose bleed To Seek Medical Treatment
If you notice blood coming out of both nostrils, you may have a posterior bleed which will require prompt medical attention.
If you are elderly or you become dizzy or faint from blood loss.
If you have excessive bleeding or you have been unable to stop the bleeding after an appropriate amount of time.
If you feel dryness on mucous membrane that lines the nose can also be a sign of nose bleeding.
If suffering from anemia can also lead to substantial bleeding.
Medical Treatment of nose bleed:
For nosebleeds that do not stop or in those who get frequent troublesome nosebleeds, your specialist may perform the following:
Electrical or chemical cautery (with silver nitrate) of the offending vessel.
Nasal packs and balloons may be required in more complicated cases. They act by applying direct pressure inside the nostril to help stop the bleeding.
Conclusion On Nose Bleeds
In conclusion, the nosebleed is a treatable condition thus don’t allow it to become a routine. Love your life and learn to treat disease and infections at the early stages.