nose bleeds children; Nosebleeds in children can cause a scare but most of the time they are avoidable and easy to treat. Below are the types of nosebleeds, their causes, treatment, and measures to ensure that the nosebleeds do not recur.
TYPES OF NOSEBLEEDS
- a) Posterior nose bleed.
This type of nosebleed originates from the deeper sections of the nose and is not common with children. It is caused by an injury to the face or to the nose.
- b) Anterior nose bleed.
This is where blood oozes from the anterior side of the nose. This happens when tiny blood vessels (capillaries) in the nose rapture.
CAUSES Of Nosebleed In Children
- a) Dry air
air can cause nosebleeds in children. Dry air causes irritation and dehydration of nasal membranes which in turn leads to bleeding. Dry air can be found in dry climates or heated air in homes.
- b) Scratching or picking.
Scratching the insides of the nose causes irritation of the nasal membrane. This exposes blood vessels that may bleed.
- c) Illness.
Illnesses that cause nasal congestion or irritation can lead to nosebleeds. These illnesses include colds, sinuses, and allergies.
- d) Trauma.
Facial injuries can sometimes cause a nosebleed. This isn’t serious and should stop within a few minutes. If it doesn’t you should consult a physician.
- e) Infection.
Infections caused by bacteria can cause sores on the skin inside the nose. These sores can cause irritation and in turn, bleeding.
If your child experiences frequent nosebleeds that are not caused by the above symptoms it is advisable to consult a physician. The bleed might be caused by the child’s actions that may require special attention such as inserting a foreign object in their nose.
There might be a more serious cause such as abnormal blood vessels or a blood clotting condition. This is however very rare.
TREATMENT OF NOSEBLEEDS.
Follow the following steps to treat a nosebleed.
- a) Make sure the child is seated upright.
Tilt the child’s head forward slightly. Tilting the head backward will cause blood flow down the throat and this might cause gagging or vomiting.
- b) Hold the lower area of the nose and ask your child to breathe through the mouth.
- c) Maintain the pressure for about 10 to 15 minutes
Releasing the grip on the nose prematurely may cause the nosebleed to start again. You can apply an ice-pack on the back of the head to reduce blood flow. Consult a physician if the bleed lasts for more than 10 minutes.
HOW TO PREVENT FREQUENT NOSEBLEEDS.
Frequent nosebleeds can occur when the nasal membrane becomes too irritated. This causes blood vessels to bleed at the slightest provocation. The solution to this is moisturizing the inner nasal membrane. This can be done in the following ways:
- a) Spraying nasal saline mist into the nostrils 2 or 3 times a day or as per a physician’s recommendation.
- b) Using a moisturizer to dampen the air in the house or the child’s bedroom.
- c) Trimming your child’s nails to reduce the likelihood of irritating the nasal lining if the child picks their nose.
CONCLUSION on nose bleed children
It is easy to control nosebleeds in children. If you can control the air in your house make sure it isn’t dry. Encourage your child to observe good hygiene and discourage them from picking their noses. Illnesses and bacteria can cause nosebleeds but once they are healed the nosebleeds will be gone.
You can as well check for nosebleed in adults here.